What is Ulcerative Colitis?
Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is a chronic autoimmune condition that causes inflammation and ulceration along the lining of the large bowel (rectum and colon). The best way to describe it is like sunburn along the colon.
What causes Ulcerative Colitis?
There are a number of things that can contribute to someone being diagnosed: The genes you’re born with, an abnormal reaction by the digestive system, or an unknown ‘trigger’. There is active research into the causes of UC and Crohn’s but it is still very much unknown.
Treatment for Ulcerative Colitis.
Treatment for UC usually starts as drug maintenance therapy. The medication can range from taking pills, suppositories, injections or intravenous infusions. The type of meds that are offered is down to each individual case, but the majority of people will have to take medication their whole lives to keep it in remission.
Surgery for Ulcerative Colitis.
Roughly 2 in 10 people with UC will need surgery. Surgery is needed if the Colitis is not responding to the meds, if you have a bad succession of flare-ups, if pre-cancerous changes or cancer is found in the colon. I had to resort to surgery because I wasn’t responding to the medication.
I recommend going to the Crohn’s and Colitis UK website for any more information. This is where I sourced all my information.